To counter these risks the Incas built elaborate terraces and internal structures that are earthquake-proof (more on this below)The ruins sit at 2,430m (7,970 feet) above sea level.Machu Picchu was built in the mid 15th century (1450s), during the reign of Incan emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472).
Quicklinks Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco region of Peru, within the Urabamba Province. It’s exact geographic coordinates are 13.1633° S, 72.5456° W.The Citadel sits in the saddle of two mountain peaks.Huayna Picchu (Young Peak) in the North and Machu Picchu Mountain (Old Peak) in the South.The outer sides of these mountains mark the location of two fault lines, which make Machu Picchu susceptible to earthquakes and landslides.In this extensive Machu Picchu facts article we have tried to distill the most interesting and fun facts about this famous city ruin, the people who built it and the region at large.We encourage you to use the quicklinks below to help you navigate to the Machu Picchu facts that are most interesting to you.
Please note: if you are planning of visiting or trekking to Machu Picchu and want to read some excellent books about the city and Incas, we recommend Hugh Thomson’s seminal book called The White Rock: An Exploration of the Inca Heartland or Mark Adam’s entertaining book that retraces his journey to Machu Picchu, called Turn Right at Machu Picchu: Rediscovering the Lost City One Step at a Time.
If you looking for something a little more rigourous you should definitely check out Kim Mac Quarrie’s The Last Days of the Incas.
Machu Picchu is considered Peru’s most important tourist destination and one of the most-visited sites worldwide.
Situated at 2,360 meters above sea level, in the Urubamba River Valley, Machu Picchu dazzles all who visit it with its beauty and mystery.
Peru Rail offers a comfortable and original way of reaching the famed Incan sanctuary on our Belmond Hiram Bingham, Vistadome, and Expedition trains.
Machu Picchu is Peru’s most popular tourist attraction and one of the world’s most famous archeological sites.